Gynecomastia is the abnormal breast enlargement in males. The disorder may be caused by the development of mammary gland or an increased concentration of adipose tissue or a combination of the two. Almost 30% of male population develop gynecomastia in their middle age.
During the procedure, the surgeon removes the mammary gland through a small incision around the areola. Fat is removed with liposuction. In cases of severe gynecomastia, a breast reduction procedure may be performed in the same manner as in the case of female patients with excessively large breast. Incisions usually heal well and can be seen slightly under the lower tercile of the areola.
After surgery, patients must wear a compression garment for one month. Breasts will be swollen, bruised and very sensitive for a few days. However, pain is mild and can be easily managed with oral painkillers.
Among the rare possible complications, the most common one is haematoma, usually occurring during the first hours after the surgery. The patient must return to the operating room for treatment. Another possible complication is inflammation. If it occurs, it can be treated with administration of appropriate antibiotics. Also, patients may experience swelling and numbness around the chest. This is usually temporary. Finally, the concentration of serus fluid, particularly after treatment of excessive gynecomastia, may develop and will require in-surgery drainage.
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